Region: Atsabe, Ermera Municipality
Varietals: Hibrido de Timor, Moka, Arabica Typica
Fermentation: 15-18 hours
Drying: 3 weeks on raised beds, before being moved to fully shade dried for 3 weeks in Railaco village, at much lower altitudes.
Vanilla, almonds, white grape, milk chocolate. A delicate coffee, creamy mouthfeel.
Ask anyone in the capital city of Dili who loves coffee and they'll immediately mention Mariano Dacosta Alves - or known to many as 'Ameta'. He is a humble young coffee entrepreneur with a big smile who is doing great things for his country. Ameta represents the new generation of coffee producers in Timor-Leste.
Ameta had a very difficult start to life when he was left to fend for himself after his mother died and his father was sent to prison. With patience and absolute determination, he changed his life and the lives of coffee farmers in his village. In 2014 he landed a barista job at a local cafe in Dili, Cafe Letefoho, learning for the first time about specialty coffee. It was here that he started to dream of his own coffee business, using his family’s coffee and from the surrounding community. In 2017 Café Organiku Atsabe was born.
You can read more about Ameta's incredible story here. We absolutely love his story and his coffee. We believe you will too.
Ameta showing us a tall coffee tree in need of pruning
In 2017 Matt Graylee of Raw Material - a green coffee social enterprise - joined forces with Ameta and the community of producers in Atsabe, Ermera Municipality.
Immediately after that, a coffee from Ameta won first place at the 2018 Timor-Leste Coffee Quality Competition, after a week of blind cupping by international judges that included Numero Uno's Gina di Brita. His coffee set a new record for the highest score in the history of the national coffee competition. Last year in the 2019 coffee season, Ameta and the Atsabe community won 2nd, 3rd, 5th, and 8th place.
It is thanks to Raw Material that we're able to have two of Ameta's champion coffees here with us in Sydney today: Atsabe Washed and Parami Honey. This is despite all the challenges that the sector is facing from coronavirus lockdowns in Timor-Leste, Australia and NZ.
Who is Raw Material?
The Atsabe processing centre
In 2018 RM built a custom wet mill and processing centre in Timor Leste, in Atsabe, Ermera. All designed in-house, the Atsabe processing centre uses gravity to move coffee through the stages; no double handling, no unnecessary machinery. They drew upon experience working in many other coffee-producing countries to combine elements that would most likely improve Ermera’s coffee quality given the unique set of challenges facing the region. Each section of the plan uses materials that are local and readily available.
Ameta and Miguel explaining parchment grades
You Need to Know About Timor-Leste
Recently in just a few short years, Timor-Leste has become the gathering place for specialty coffee growers, q-graders, judges, roasters, baristas and exporters, as well as international agencies - a community working together to build an exceptional coffee sector - as well attracting those curious to see and taste the original Hibrido de Timor varietal. Some of them include renowned international coffee specialists like Andrew Hetzel, Coffee Strategies who invited us to join Timor-Leste's second Coffee Quality Competition back in 2017.
Here are few background points about Timor-Leste
(Source Raw Material)
In 2002 Timor-Leste became the first new independent state of the 21st century. This followed 25 years of conflict that claimed 200,000 lives and destroyed all infrastructure. Most lived in extreme poverty at this time. Today the population is 1.3 million and many improvements have been made.
Oil has been the nation’s biggest earner, but production is now winding down:
- Timor-Leste is the country most reliant on oil for income.
- Current oil production will end within 3 years.
- The petroleum fund will likely run out in 11-15 years.
- Coffee is the second-highest earner for the country after oil.
- 37% of households depend on coffee for income.
- Productivity is extremely low. Profitability is both low and volatile as almost all coffee is sold in the commodity market for a discounted C price.